A quick guide on the controversy surrounding Catalonia's bid for independence

Catalan leader calls for international mediation in Madrid stand-off

Spain's Banco Sabadell, the country's fifth-largest bank with a large business in Catalonia, also attempted to calm jitters.

"You disappointed many people in Catalonia who appreciate you and are expecting a call to dialogue", Puigdemont said, after an unexpectedly hard-line TV address by the King on Tuesday night.

The autonomous community held a referendum vote Sunday in which over 90 percent of the 2.3 million voters opted to break away from Spain.

Puigdemont said the statement was "disappointing", and that the vote was "a European issue". The Spanish state, he went on, needed to ensure constitutional order and the rule of law in Catalonia, the richest region of Spain. Madrid insists that the referendum was illegal and refuses to negotiate with a government that has broken the law.

Asked what would happen if Spain seized Catalonia's autonomy, as it appears poised to do, Puigdemont told the BBC: "it would be an error which changes everything".

Carles Puigdemont said the regional parliament was planning to declare independence within days.

She said that Rajoy's strategy of using justice and police means to thwart the poll rather than dialogue has failed. A Catalan flag was removed from the plenary at the demand of a Spanish lawmaker, while some parliamentarians displayed signs supporting the referendum or calling for Rajoy to resign.

More news: Russian raids killed thousands in Syria since 2015: NGO

But Spanish Federal authorities have often reacted to the idea of Catalan independence with repression and aggression, which many Catalan have felt disrespected their identities, Marc Gafarot, an expert in Catalan history at the Barcelona Center for International Affairs, told ABC News.

In the short term, the police crackdown on the independence movement could help Catalan separatists, who are part of a fragile coalition in the regional government, broaden their support. Spain's conservative government has said it will respond with "all necessary measures" to counter Catalan defiance, and is holding talks with opposition leaders to forge a consensus over what to do in response.

Appealing for global mediation to help solve the crisis, he told the corporation that he disagreed with the European Commission's statement that it was internal matter for Spain. UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra'ad al-Hussein is pushing for an investigation into police action, saying that the situation needs to be resolved "with full respect for democratic freedoms".

A pro-independence protest after Sunday's referendum.

Josep Lluís Trapero was called to testify in Madrid on Friday: Spanish authorities believe Trapero's 17,000-strong force did not do enough to prevent the banned referendum from taking place.

Zoido said the police had intervened only to withdraw election-related equipment, but had been confronted by major obstacles, including voters forming a human chain to stop police officers from leaving polling stations.

Related News:



Most liked

Russian Federation investigation: The 'collusion issue is still open', says Senate intelligence chairman
It has accepted invitations to testify at hearings on Russian interference in front of House and Senate intelligence committees. Burr and Warner may divulge more information about social media's role in the election.

Stephen Paddock May Have Scouted 'Life is Beautiful' Concert
An official also confirmed to ABC News that Mandalay Bay housekeeping was asked not to visit Paddock's room during the last leg of his stay.

LaVar Ball to home school son LaMelo for next two years
Didn't take long for former Arizona Wildcat forward Dennis Latimore to find himself in LaVar Ball's crosshairs. He's the No. 30 player overall and No. 5 point guard in the 2019 recruiting class, according to Scout .

Gran Turismo Sport Demo Announced, Will Start In October 9
The True HDR workflow and physics-based rendering tech of Scapes must be experienced firsthand to be truly appreciated. Gran Turismo Sport comes out in two weeks , but before its release, Polyphony Digital will give fans an early preview.

Nuclear accord with Iran in USA interest: Mattis
This will enable Afghan forces "to take the fight to the enemy", rather than being cornered into defensive positions , he said . Trump, while announcing the new strategy for Afghanistan, had criticised Pakistan for providing safe havens to terror outfits.

Las Vegas Shooter Wired $100000 to Philippines Last Week
Reports, however, said Filipino-American Arthur Andrade, 21, was injured after he suffered bullet wounds on the stomach. An Arkansas family connected to the girlfriend of the Las Vegas gunman says they are now getting death threats.

JUST IN: Oscar Pistorius family to take legal action over new film
In a statement released to the media, the Steenkamp family slammed reports that they had given their stamp of approval. A trailer shows the couple arguing, with Pistorius picking up a handgun and telling Steenkamp to "get back here".

Liverpool legend says Daniel Sturridge is not the same player anymore
Liverpool manager Jurgen Klopp has claimed his side are still title challengers despite their poor form this autumn. The England worldwide started his third Premier League game of the season in yesterday's 1-1 draw at Newcastle .

Prince Harry: I'm married to continuing the Invictus Games
NBC Universal's security detail for Markle includes 24-hour monitoring in her home in Toronto and on the set of " Suits ". Markle's mom was also in attendance, according to People , which further indicates this relationship is serious.

New Roku OS 8 Delivers Enhanced Entertainment Features
It can stream video in 4K ultra-high definition and high dynamic range and includes the company's top-of-the-line remote control. Roku Streaming Stick +: Updated specs like the Stick, but with 4K Ultra HD and HDR streaming at up to 60fps, starts at $69.99.

Trump says Tillerson 'wasting his time' attempting to negotiate with North Korea
They say the threats could have an opposite effect, intensifying the deteriorating situation in the Korean peninsula. He has said over the weekend that the USA is in "direct contact" with Pyongang on a trip to China.

Boris Johnson Is Unsackable, Theresa May Concedes On BBC Andrew Marr Show
The Prime Minister kicked off party conference in Manchester by laughing off suggestions that Mr Johnson was "unsackable". Mr Johnson had said such an outcome would be unacceptable.

Indian media twisting Khawaja Asif's comments: FO
The minister said the Taliban had 40 to 45 percent territory of Afghanistan under their control, adding that Kabul had no control of that territory.

Iranian, Iraqi government forces to hold joint border drills
Erdogan expressed sorrow that Iraqi Kurds had acclaimed the recent independence referendum with Israeli flags. Kurds celebrate to show their support for the independence referendum in Duhok, Iraq, September 26, 2017.

Arsene Wenger delighted with Arsenal's 'united' response to Anfield mauling
Solly March hit a post with a ferocious free-kick as Brighton responded brightly before Aaron Ramsey went close. Chris Hughton's side created a few chances in the final few minutes of the game and could have got a goal back.